> The electrotechnical equipment. Ford Mondeo (since 2000 of release)
Ford Mondeo since 2000
1. Introduction
2. Equipment
3. Care of the car
4. Engines
5. Greasing system
6. Cooling system
7. System of injection of fuel
8. Ignition system
9. Fuel system
10. Transmission
11. A running gear
12. Brake system
13. The electrotechnical equipment
13.1. The storage battery and a starter
13.2. The generator
13.3. Check of level of electrolit in the accumulator
13.4. Care of contacts
13.5. Check of the storage battery
13.6. Engine start "from outside" – with a wire connecting a starter and the auxiliary storage battery, without problems
13.7. Car pushing
13.8. Car towage
13.9. Gymnastics of the storage battery
13.10. Replacement of the storage battery
13.11. Revealing of secret consumers of the electric power
13.12. Check of a regulator of pressure
13.13. Replacement приводных belts
13.14. Replacement of a belt clamping roller
13.15. Dismantle and generator installation
13.16. Starter replacement
13.17. External illumination
13.18. Any big problems – replacement of lamps накаливания
13.19. A provisional measure – adjustment of headlights before a wall
13.20. Signalling devices
13.21. Check of the switch of a signal of braking
13.22. Check of a sound signal
13.23. Tools and actuation devices
13.24. Check of functioning of the switch
13.25. Dismantle and installation of the combined device
13.26. Not always simply to follow – "twisting" roads of wires
13.27. Protection against overloads – safety locks in salon and a motor compartment
13.28. It is carried out quickly – replacement of safety locks
13.29. Distributes strong working currents – the switching relay
13.30. An apportion of safety locks and the relay
14. Electroschemes
15. Car salon
16. A body
17. Technical characteristics
18. The help at malfunctions

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13. The electrotechnical equipment

Without the storage battery, a starter, the generator and about 17 kilometres of a copper wire in yours Mondeo does not work almost ANYTHING – at least, not координировано: at the discharged battery the starter strikes, without a starter the engine is silent, without the engine the generator has a rest, and without a copper wire all three leading players will be out of work.

Electric current – vital juice for engine management

As well as all cars, you Mondeo during movement eats electric energy. Its subsystems, such as engine management, system of injection of fuel or illumination depend on "current". And at such dependence there is nothing surprising that many drivers connect the unpleasant incidents with a trio: the accumulator – the generator – a starter. Their reason is covered under an engine cowl, that is in places of residing and work of these three main actors and their periphery more often. In their justification it is possible to tell the following: working conditions dominating there are not so ideal: sometimes happens coldly, more often too hot, at times it is damp, and sometimes and it is wet. Besides, many consumers of a current sit in exhibiting places – therefore failures in onboard the electrical engineer are already actually programmed. Besides it, and the storage battery capitulates sometimes to a hard frost or a strong heat.

To eliminate simply – small troubles in onboard the electrical engineer

After the heard lecture on the given chapter, certainly, no convincing arguments any more occur capitulating to "the dead" switch or "a black" bulb. More often the rusty wire connection which has got "on the way" or rusty contact "are got mixed up" in it. The majority of malfunctions in onboard the electrical engineer can be eliminated simple means. Even in the event that you are not the testified strippen-worm and you do not have all ambitions to become the professional electrician.


The basic concepts electrical engineers

Electric pressure (current) flows only in the closed electric chain. Electric chains consist of the manufacturer of a current (for example, the accumulator, the generator), the consumer (for example, a lamp накаливания, a starter, the electric motor) and cable bunches with their separate wires. Cable bunches realise connections between manufacturers and current consumers.

The basic concepts electrical engineers visually are explained by the following example: imagine a water supply system in which under certain pressure water of certain quantity from point And (manufacturer) in point In (consumer) flows. Something similar occurs and in electric chains of yours Mondeo. For example, when at door opening automatically in salon light is switched on.

Pressure: It corresponds to pressure of water in a waterpipe. Dimension of pressure – Volt ().

Current: Corresponds to the expense of water which proceeds for the certain period of time through the pipeline. Dimension of a current – Ampere ().

Capacity: pressure Product on a current strength. It also defines, how many capacities are received by the electric consumer from the manufacturer of a current. It is set in Watts (Вт).

Resistance: It is possible to compare with запорным the water crane. If it completely to open, water free flows in the pipeline (resistance 0). The closed crane continuously raises resistance and so until it at all will not stop a leak (resistance). Dimension of this size the Ohm (W).

Wire: Corresponds to a water collector. The demanded thickness wires (section) depends on the consumer: control bulbs quite manage in the thickness of a wire in 0,5 мм2. On the contrary, such consumer as the starter, demands already a wire section 16 мм2 – in our example it would correspond to connection of the main pipeline. The thin wire quickly heats up – and pressure inevitably falls. Thereof, for example, headlights are reached any more by 12 Volt but only 10 or even 9,5 Volt is becomes appreciable by dim light.


Instructions on the storage battery

In Germany for purchase and recycling стартерной the storage battery some years instructions on to work with the accumulator operate. However all of them are yet known to the end user. Though this arch corrected similarly is addressed the seller, workers of a workshop and the end user. According to it the end user should utilise the old accumulator through the seller or a workshop. Return is carried out free of charge, only at new acquisition стартерной the storage battery special rules operate. In our review the most important points are presented.

  • On стартерный the accumulator which you get at the seller or in a workshop, the seller automatically charges returnable pledge at a rate of 7 euros. As corresponding acknowledgement at purchase you receive the receipt or mortgaging mark.
  • These rules contain the main exception: to you pledge if at purchase you return the old accumulator is not charged. If the seller or the workshop has already counted the mortgaging price for the old accumulator you receive the money back at a receipt presentation.
  • You can redeem your pledge at the seller only at purchase of the new accumulator. For this purpose you are obliged to transfer the old accumulator and the receipt (mortgaging mark).
  • The old accumulator, certainly, should not be identical with bought стартерной the storage battery: under the receipt you can give any стартерный the accumulator.
  • At purchase return the old accumulator for which you yet have not paid pledge, thus all the same, whence there is this accumulator: for the new accumulator the mortgaging price does not join in cost.

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12.17. Replacement of a cable of a lay brake
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13.1. The storage battery and a starter