Ford Mondeo since 2000
1. Introduction
2. Equipment
3. Care of the car
4. Engines
5. Greasing system
6. Cooling system
7. System of injection of fuel
8. Ignition system
9. Fuel system
10. Transmission
11. A running gear
11.1. Forward bridge Mondeo
11.2. The service factor – geometry of the forward bridge
11.3. Check of shock-absorbers – is obligatory after deterioration of two complete sets of tyres
11.4. Regular check of a free wheeling of a steering wheel
11.5. Check of protective cuffs gear рейки
11.6. Check of tips of cross-section steering draught and cuffs
11.7. Check of the bearing of the cross-section lever of a suspension bracket
11.8. Check of a backlash of the wheel bearing
11.9. Replacement of the forward cross-section lever of a suspension bracket
11.10. Dismantle and installation of an amortisation rack
11.11. Replacement of tips of cross-section steering draught
11.12. Replacement of cuffs of the steering mechanism
11.13. Replacement of a rotary support of the steering mechanism
11.14. Dismantle and installation of a back amortisation rack
11.15. Replacement of the shock-absorber (versatile person)
11.16. The steering mechanism with the amplifier
11.17. Tyres and disks
11.18. It is better to check on cold tyres – pressure of air
11.19. Wheel replacement
11.20. Check of a condition of tyres
12. Brake system
13. The electrotechnical equipment
14. Electroschemes
15. Car salon
16. A body
17. Technical characteristics
18. The help at malfunctions
 



ba88fb63 Оптом, ромас искусственные цветы екатеринбург.



11-17-shiny-i-diski.html

11.17. Tyres and disks

Tyres bring very essential contribution to good character of movement of the car and by that in active safety of yours Mondeo: the skeleton, the mixed rubber, silicone additives and calculated by the computer шинный a profile does wheel tyres by a hi-tech product. Basic surfaces in size with a post card on each of four wheels bear yours Mondeo without assorting road, take up all small "blows" of a road cloth and transfer in turn all приводные, brake and centrifugal forces. At average loading radial tyres on yours Mondeo can sustain about 30 000-50 000 km on forward wheels and about 40 000-70 000 km on the back bridge. Certainly, if you Mondeo moves mainly on sprint distances replacement of tyres – irrespective of residual height of drawing of a protector – most later, will occur in seven-eight years. For this period the dirt, environment influences, internal processes of ageing and not in the last instance the sun so operate on tyres that they cannot execute confidently and reliably the work any more. Here it is possible to trust looking new in the "second-hand" spare wheel, however the restored appearance – only a facade behind which the dangerous age disappears.

Disks for Mondeo – from factory in two variants

Ford equips all the Mondeo with two types of disks: depending on a design and model steel disks (6 1/2J х 16 ”) or disks from easy metals (6 1/2J х 17”, 6 1/2J х 18 ”) are used. In the table the sizes which provides Ford for various models already at factory or as special equipment are presented. What disks and tyres approach in general for yours Mondeo, is specified in the car passport. Besides, if you wish to put yours Mondeo other"soles", it is necessary on supposed products in any case to obtain the General Operational Permit (Ava) with corresponding control number. If yours the desired format is not specified in documents in the car before its installation it is better to enquire in Ford or representation TV-/DEKRA about their suitability. Tyres and disks which have not been specified in documents at factory, should be brought in the car passport (the letter or the certificate) on the basis of conclusion TV-/DEKRA.

Tyres and disks

Disks

Model
Serial equipment
At will
Mondeo Ambiente
6 1/2J x 16 steel
6 1/2J x 16
7 1/2J x 17 from easy metals
Mondeo Trend
6 1/2J x 16 steel
6 1/2J x 16
7 1/2J x 17 from easy metals
Mondeo Ghia
6 1/2J x 16 steel
6 1/2J x 16
7 1/2J x 17 from easy metals
Mondeo ST220
7 1/2J x 17 from easy metals

Tyres

Model
Serial equipment
At will
Mondeo Ambiente
205/55 R 16
205/50 R 17
225/40 R 18
Mondeo Trend
205/55 R 16
205/50 R 17
225/40 R 18
Mondeo Ghia
205/55 R 16
205/50 R 17
225/40 R 18
Mondeo ST220
215/45 R 17

 THE TECHNICAL DICTIONARY

Disks

The sizes of disks, according to norms, are set in inches. For example, the designation 6 1/2J x 16 ”specifies that the deep disk has width of 6,5 inches and diameter of 16 inches. The letterJdefines the form lateral закраины: that tyres is better sat, on a landing shelf of a disk there is a roundish eminence (хамп). It interferes with that at fast driving on a bend the tyre cover board"has not slipped"from a landing shelf in a deep disk.

The major parametres of the tyre

On a lateral wall of the tyre a number of figures and letters which are coded "card" for experts are engraved. The majority of drivers first of all interests a tyre format. For example, 205/55 R 16 means that this section of the tyre has width of 205 mm. The second defines a parity of height and width of the tyre. In the given example this relation makes 55 %. The less this relation, the more low and more widely the tyre. The letter R defines type of the radial tyre, number after this letter (16) sets diameter of a rim in inches.

Multilayered internal life of an automobile tyre

1 — protectors: the profile and mix structure influence quality,
2 — Base: reduces resistance качению,
3 — the Nylon bandage of pumping: raises suitability for high speeds,
4 — Steel кордовый a layer: raises stability of movement,
5 — the Skeleton: a basis for keeping of the form and durability of the tyre,

6 — the Internal core: the tight inside layer replaces the chamber,
7 — the Lateral part: protects a skeleton from damages,
8 — the Filling cord: supports accuracy of management and movement,
9 — the Core: cares of strong landing to a rim,
10 — the Amplifier of a board of a tyre cover: for exact controllability and high stability of movement.

"Card": tyre characteristics on a lateral wall.

At purchase of the tyre pay attention to the specification, thereby new tyres will be co-ordinated with rims.

Synonym of the big speeds – a capital letter after last figures

The capital letter after last figure of a designation of the tyre on its board specifies in as much as possible supposed speed of rotation of the tyre. Tyres 205/55 R 16 with the code letter S are intended for the maximum speed of 180 km/h, with the letter T accordingly to 190 km/h. For a maximum of 210 km/h are suitable tyres with the letter H. Standard M S-tyres with the letter Q "work" to 160 km/h.

DOT-number specifies in age of the tyre

In actual date of manufacturing of the tyre specifies to you DOT - number placed on боковине of a tyre cover. Since 1990, behind this number the small triangle is established. For example, number 1500 means that this tyre was is made on 15 week 2000 New tyres with date of manufacturing since October, 01st, 1998 should to have on the боковине a code of check ЕСЕ.

If the triangle is absent, the tyre is made till 1990 Any code of check guarantees that the given tyre according to the type corresponds to the quality standard of the European economic commission (ECE-R 30). If on your car of the tyre have DOT-number above 408 – but without the ESE-QUALITY SYMBOL – it is possible to go without the general working permission.

The quality symbol is distinguished on a capital letter E and to number of the country of manufacturing, for example, 1 – Germany, 4 – Holland.

Winter tyres – professionals at a wind and a bad weather

Already on autumn roads winter tyres on yours Mondeo is a neocoupled first choice for on a snow or ice covering winter tyres behave incomparably more reliably. Actually, why? Their basic surfaces consist of a rubber mix with a high share of natural rubber. This special structure of rubber on crude and slippery road and at temperatures below seven degrees With possesses the best sticking, than standard summer tyres. The basic condition for good transfer of brake and motor efforts to road is presence of drawing of a protector by depth at least four millimetres – smaller depth is not authorised and by that excludes such tyre for application on winter roads. It is necessary to equip with winter tyres of one manufacturer in any case all four wheels – thus the combination from summer and winter tyres can become enough dangerous.

To establish better on "own" disks – winter tyres

Good winter tyres should not be wide: is minimum admissible format of tyres needs to be had on yours Mondeo. Besides, narrow tyres are cheaper than magnificent wide tyres: it is better to put up the money saved on wide pneumatic tyres in the second complete set of suitable disks – reinstallation of tyres in the spring and in the autumn in due course all becomes more expensive, than this second complete set of disks. Usually after each installation it is necessary to carry out balancing of wheels. Raise pressure in winter tyres on 0, 2 bars in comparison with summer tyres. If the maximum speed of your winter tyres below usual speed of movement of your car for reminders paste a corresponding label in the field of your sight on the instrument panel. Your seller of tyres has such label in a stock. However, friendly sellers of tyres or workers of service services can квалифицированно pump up your tyres before the nearest replacement for a small payment.

Comparison of brake ways of summer and winter tyres without АБС.

Comparison of brake ways of summer and winter tyres with АБС.


 PRACTICAL ADVICE

It will save up your tyres

    Move the greatest with a speed which is supposed for your tyres. It first of all concerns to M to category S-tyres Q (160 km/hour). Higher rate of movement causes больший deterioration, in the worst case – tyre rupture. Avoid the maximum speeds if the car is strongly loaded. Carry out the control of their heating: if the tyre warm, it is possible not to be afraid. Strongly нагретая rubber is an alarm signal: more often low pressure in the tyre or the damaged skeleton of a tyre cover can be the reason of it. In this situation do not dare to continue with such tyre movement, at least, not so long, until, when the expert in tyres will check up a skeleton on possible damages. If movement on a highway is often made with high speed: establish the tyres, which index of speed on a class above specified in the passport on the car (for example, T instead of S). Pay attention to that at a parking бордюрный the stone has not scratched edge of tyres. Move through бордюрный a stone or a threshold only slowly at right angle. Increase pressure of air in the tyres in general by 0,3 bars is will save fuel and will not damage to tyres.

Correctly to replace wheels

If at the first change of tyres you use the restored spare wheel on it will save "cash" money. But under a condition: this product should have the same profile. In this case get to it tyres and equip with them all bridge. Run of your tyres, however, can be increased also: regularly replace on the one hand the wheel car forward on back, but at all перекрестно, that is opposite. Then your tyres will wear out in regular more intervals, and on the nearest resale you will present the car with "fresh" soles. A lack of this approach: at replacement through short kilometre intervals on protectors of tyres possible defects in wheel suspension brackets, the steering mechanism and shock-absorbers can be shown not so accurately. At replacement of tyres always pay attention as a whole to that bridges have been equipped in pairs by tyres of one manufacturer, identical drawing of a protector with approximately identical date of manufacturing (/- 1 year).


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11.18. It is better to check on cold tyres – pressure of air