Ford Mondeo since 2000
1. Introduction
2. Equipment
3. Care of the car
4. Engines
5. Greasing system
6. Cooling system
7. System of injection of fuel
8. Ignition system
9. Fuel system
10. Transmission
11. A running gear
11.1. Forward bridge Mondeo
11.2. The service factor – geometry of the forward bridge
11.3. Check of shock-absorbers – is obligatory after deterioration of two complete sets of tyres
11.4. Regular check of a free wheeling of a steering wheel
11.5. Check of protective cuffs gear рейки
11.6. Check of tips of cross-section steering draught and cuffs
11.7. Check of the bearing of the cross-section lever of a suspension bracket
11.8. Check of a backlash of the wheel bearing
11.9. Replacement of the forward cross-section lever of a suspension bracket
11.10. Dismantle and installation of an amortisation rack
11.11. Replacement of tips of cross-section steering draught
11.12. Replacement of cuffs of the steering mechanism
11.13. Replacement of a rotary support of the steering mechanism
11.14. Dismantle and installation of a back amortisation rack
11.15. Replacement of the shock-absorber (versatile person)
11.16. The steering mechanism with the amplifier
11.17. Tyres and disks
11.18. It is better to check on cold tyres – pressure of air
11.19. Wheel replacement
11.20. Check of a condition of tyres
12. Brake system
13. The electrotechnical equipment
14. Electroschemes
15. Car salon
16. A body
17. Technical characteristics
18. The help at malfunctions
 



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11-3-proverka-amortizatorov-obyazatelna-posle-iznosa-dvukh-komplektov-shin.html

11.3. Check of shock-absorbers – is obligatory after deterioration of two complete sets of tyres

In the course of the labour activity shock-absorbers turn to the air pump: after deterioration of two complete sets of tyres shock-absorbers, as a rule, lose almost 50 % of the initial influence and consequently require replacement. As such decrease in their action occurs slowly and not so sharply, losses in their working capacity at once to notice difficultly. Instinctively, as well as the majority of drivers, you are accustomed to the worsened dynamic parametres of movement: in extreme situations it can lead to nasty surprises. That it does not happen, it is necessary to check annually the shock-absorbers on the test bed of the automobile club or in TV or DEKRA. A rocking method, when you swing the car for wings to "check up" its resonant properties, here it is obviously not enough. Such way it is possible to "expose" only completely worn out shock-absorber. But all the same pay attention to following symptoms:

    Whether the steering mechanism shivers? In this case wheels "dance" by the ground or are incorrectly balanced. Whether strongly you resounds Mondeo after movement on road potholes? How it passes bends? Whether it is shaken on each roughness of a road cloth? Whether uniform deterioration of tyres (partially worn out surfaces)? Whether strong oil traces on the case of shock-absorbers are visible? Small oil impregnations – the phenomenon usual.

 THE TECHNICAL DICTIONARY

So the shock-absorber works

You Mondeo will amortise wheels by means of two-tubular shock-absorbers. They consist of the working cylinder in which the working piston supplied with the valve upwards-downwards goes. The working cylinder envelops the second cylinder which forms "warehouse" for hydraulic oil.

Pressure step: the piston moves downwards and on the way squeezes out hydraulic oil through the valve in space over the piston. The valve design defines resistance occurrence (wheel amortisation) which the working piston should overcome.

Draught step: not loaded spring returns back the working piston in the starting position. The oil thus superseded over the piston through the compression valve gets back to the spare chamber. The valve defines resistance (amortisation of wheels) which the working piston should overcome.

From top to down: the two-trumpet shock-absorber (cut).

1 — the Top fastening with an elastic rubber support,
2 — the Protective tube,
3 — the Rod,
4 — Directing a rod with consolidation,
5 — the Working cylinder,
6 — the Piston of the valve with spring washers,
7 — the External tube,
8 — the Valve of compression with the return valve and a spring washer of the valve,
9 — the Bottom fastening.


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11.2. The service factor – geometry of the forward bridge
The following page
11.4. Regular check of a free wheeling of a steering wheel